Giant Schnauzer History
The breed was originally developed in Germany as one of the three distinct Schnauzer
breeds, Miniature, Standard and Giant. All Schnauzers had their origins in the neighboring kingdoms of Wurttenberg and Bavaria.
These are agricultural sections where the raising of sheep and livestock were a major occupation. Livestock had to be driven
to market, and the Schnauzer was the aid to the shepherd. For many years the Giant Schnauzer was called the Munchener, and
it is widely known as a great cattle and driving dog. The breed was also used as a guard dog being in the possession of the
butchers and the breweries.
During World War I the breed was recognized in Germany for its intelligence and trainability
becoming one of the breeds utilized since for police training.
Giant Schnauzer Breed StandardWorking Group
The Giant Schnauzer should resemble, as nearly
as possible, in general appearance, a larger and more powerful version of the Standard Schnauzer, on the whole a bold and
valiant figure of a dog. Robust, strongly built, nearly square in proportion of body length to height at withers, active,
sturdy, and well muscled. Temperament which combines spirit and alertness with intelligence and reliability. Composed, watchful,
courageous, easily trained, deeply loyal to family, playful, amiable in repose, and a commanding figure when aroused. The
sound, reliable temperament, rugged build, and dense weather-resistant wiry coat make for one of the most useful, powerful,
and enduring working breeds.
Strong, rectangular in appearance, and elongated; narrowing slightly from
the ears to the eyes, and again from the eyes to the tip of the nose. The total length of the head is about one-half the length
of the back (withers to set-on of tail). The head matches the sex and substance of the dog. The top line of the muzzle is
parallel to the top line of the skull; there is a slight stop which is accentuated by the eyebrows. Skull--(Occiput
to Stop). Moderately broad between the ears: occiput not too prominent. Top of skull flat; skin unwrinkled. Cheeks--Flat,
but with well-developed chewing muscles; there is no "cheekiness" to disturb the rectangular head appearance (with beard).
Muzzle--Strong and well filled under the eyes; both parallel and equal in length to the topskull; ending in a moderately
blunt wedge. The nose is large, black, and full. The lips are tight, and not overlapping, black in color. Bite--A full
complement of sound white teeth (6/6 incisors, 2/2 canines, 8/8 premolars, 4/6 molars) with a scissors bite. The upper and
lower jaws are powerful and well formed. Disqualifying Faults--Overshot or undershot. Ears-- When cropped, identical
in shape and length with pointed tips. They are in balance with the head and are not exaggerated in length. They are set high
on the skull and carried perpendicularly at the inner edges with as little bell as possible along the other edges. When uncropped,
the ears are V-shaped button ears of medium length and thickness, set high and carried rather high and close to the head.
Eyes--Medium size, dark brown, and deep-set. They are oval in appearance and keen in expression with lids fitting tightly.
Vision is not impaired nor eyes hidden by too long eyebrows. Neck--Strong and well arched, of moderate length, blending
cleanly into the shoulders, and with the skin fitting tightly at the throat; in harmony with the dog's weight and build.
substantial, short-coupled, and strong, with great power and agility. The height at the highest point of the withers equals
the body length from breastbone to point of rump. The loin section is well developed, as short as possible for compact build.
The forequarters have flat, somewhat sloping shoulders and high withers. Forelegs are straight and vertical when viewed
from all sides with strong pasterns and good bone. They are separated by a fairly deep brisket which precludes a pinched front.
The elbows are set close to the body and point directly backwards. Chest-- Medium in width, ribs well sprung but with
no tendency toward a barrel chest; oval in cross section: deep through the brisket. The breastbone is plainly discernible,
with strong forechest; the brisket descends at least to the elbows, and ascends gradually toward the rear with the belly moderately
drawn up. The ribs spread gradually from the first rib so as to allow space for the elbows to move close to the body. Shoulders--The
sloping shoulder blades (scapulae) are strongly muscled, yet flat. They are well laid back so that from the side the rounded
upper ends are in a nearly vertical line above the elbows. They slope well forward to the point where they join the upper
arm (humerus), forming as nearly as possible a right angle. Such an angulation permits the maximum forward extension of the
forelegs without binding or effort. Both shoulder blades and upper arm are long, permitting depth of chest at the brisket.
Short, straight, strong, and firm.
The tail is set moderately high and carried high in excitement. It should be docked
to the second or not more than the third joint (approximately one and one-half to about three inches long at maturity).
The hindquarters are strongly muscled, in balance with the forequarters; upper thighs are slanting and well bent at
the stifles, with the second thighs (tibiae) approximately parallel to an extension of the upper neckline. The legs from the
hock joint to the feet are short, perpendicular to the ground while the dog is standing naturally, and from the rear parallel
to each other. The hindquarters do not appear over-built or higher than the shoulders. Croup full and slightly rounded. Feet--Well-arched,
compact and catlike, turning neither in nor out, with thick tough pads and dark nails. Dewclaws--Dewclaws, if any,
on hind legs should be removed; on the forelegs, may be removed.
The trot is the gait at which movement
is judged. Free, balanced and vigorous, with good reach in the forequarters and good driving power in the hindquarters. Rear
and front legs are thrown neither in nor out. When moving at a fast trot, a properly built dog will single-track. Back remains
strong, firm, and flat.
Hard, wiry, very dense; composed of a soft undercoat and a harsh outer coat which,
when seen against the grain, stands slightly up off the back, lying neither smooth nor flat. Coarse hair on top of head; harsh
beard and eyebrows, the Schnauzer hallmark.
Solid black or pepper and salt. Black--A truly pure black. A small white spot
on the breast is permitted; any other markings are disqualifying faults. Pepper and Salt--Outer coat of a combination
of banded hairs (white with black and black with white) and some black and white hairs, appearing gray from a short distance.
Ideally; an intensely pigmented medium gray shade with "peppering" evenly distributed throughout the coat, and
a gray undercoat. Acceptable; all shades of pepper and salt from dark iron-gray to silver-gray. Every shade of coat
has a dark facial mask to emphasize the expression; the color of the mask harmonizes with the shade of the body coat. Eyebrows,
whiskers, cheeks, throat, chest, legs, and under tail are lighter in color but include "peppering." Markings are disqualifying
The height at the withers of the male is 25½ to 27½ inches, and of the female, 23½ to 25½ inches, with
the mediums being desired. Size alone should never take precedence over type, balance, soundness, and temperament. It should
be noted that too small dogs generally lack the power and too large dogs, the agility and maneuverability, desired in the
The foregoing description is that of the ideal Giant Schnauzer. Any deviation from
the above described dog must be penalized to the extent of the deviation.
The judge shall dismiss from the ring
any shy or vicious Giant Schnauzer.
Shyness A dog shall be judged fundamentally shy if, refusing to stand
for examination, it repeatedly shrinks away from the judge; if it fears unduly any approach from the rear; if it shies to
a marked degree at sudden and unusual noises.
Viciousness A dog that attacks or attempts to attack either the
judge or its handler, is definitely vicious. An aggressive or belligerent attitude towards other dogs shall not be deemed
Overshot or undershot.
Markings other than specified.
Approved October 11, 1983